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Think you don't need an estate plan? Think again

by Legacy Plan
updated October 09, 2023

Virtually everybody needs an estate plan. Whether you are young or old, rich or broke, or you're somewhere in between, an estate plan can offer you substantial benefits. Even if you have no wealth, your plan can still be valuable to you, as it can help out when you cannot make decisions for yourself. With legal documents, your plan can ensure your wishes are honored and your family avoids the potential of a legal guardianship or the arduous process of probate.

Authoritative journals and news media reports are full of stories that say just about everyone needs an estate plan. Perhaps you have even read one or more of those pieces. Despite these intelligent and persuasive arguments, maybe you remain skeptical. Possibly you've said to yourself, “I'm single and I'm broke. I have no assets to leave and nobody to leave them to, anyway.” Maybe you're young and healthy and have concluded that you have no need for an estate plan and that you will consider pursuing one once you're much older, or at least, once you've established a career, gotten married or had kids.

This type of thinking can be a major mistake. Even if your assets are minimal and you are unmarried with no kids, there are still very important reasons why you should get an estate plan drafted and executed. One of the biggest reasons is that your estate plan does more than just distribute your assets. Your estate plan, if it is a complete one, can help you out even before you die.

An estate plan is much more than just a last will and testament. It’s a comprehensive strategy to protect your interests and those of your loved ones. By considering your specific needs, goals and circumstances, an estate plan can secure your family's financial future, ensure the well-being of your dependents and provide clarity and peace of mind in times of uncertainty. Regardless of your age, health, wealth or marital status, having an estate plan is a responsible step to take so your wishes are respected and your loved ones are protected.

What is an estate plan?

An estate plan includes a comprehensive set of legal documents and strategies that outline how an individual's personal affairs will be managed during their lifetime and how their financial assets will be managed and distributed after their death. It’s a proactive approach to ensure that one's wishes are known and carried out, both during their lifetime and after they pass away.

An estate plan typically includes various elements such as wills, trusts, health care directives and powers of attorney. An essential part of an estate plan is a last will and testament. This document allows individuals to specify how they want their assets to be distributed among their beneficiaries upon their death. Without a valid will in place, the laws of intestacy come into play, meaning the state will determine how your assets are divided among your heirs.

By having a clearly drafted and valid will, you have control over who receives what from your estate. In addition to a last will and testament, an effective estate plan may also include a trust.

A trust is a legal entity that holds assets on behalf of beneficiaries. By placing assets in a trust, you can ensure that they are managed according to specific instructions during your lifetime and after you're gone.

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Trusts can offer benefits such as avoiding probate, minimizing taxes, protecting assets from creditors and providing for the needs of minor children or individuals with special needs. To further safeguard your interests during times when you may not be able to make decisions yourself due to illness or incapacity, a trust works in harmony with other documents that include living wills and powers of attorney.

A living will outlines your wishes regarding medical treatments in case you become unable to communicate them directly. Meanwhile, a power of attorney for health care authorizes someone you trust (the agent or proxy) to make medical decisions on your behalf if you are unable to do so.

Again, an estate plan is more than just drafting a simple will — it involves thoughtful consideration of various legal documents aimed at preserving one's financial legacy, ensuring the well-being of loved ones and providing clarity in times of crisis. By taking a proactive approach to estate planning, individuals can protect their assets, dictate how those assets will be distributed and make important decisions regarding their health care and finances both for the present and the future. Here are some key functions of an estate plan:

  • Asset protection. Estate plans can protect your assets from probate costs, legal fees and creditors, ensuring that your assets and property are preserved for your beneficiaries.

  • Avoidance of probate. Estate plans can help in avoiding the length, expense and hassle of the probate process, allowing assets to be distributed more efficiently to beneficiaries without direct supervision and control by a judge.

  • Family security. Through an estate plan, you can ensure that your children or dependents are cared for by selecting the guardians who you prefer in the event of your demise.

  • Support for family. Estate planning can ensure that your family has access to funds and resources, reducing financial stress during a difficult time and the possibility of a court-appointed professional guardian taking control.

  • Tax efficiency. A well-structured estate plan can minimize estate taxes, enabling you to pass more of your assets to your beneficiaries.

  • Gifts and charitable contributions. Estate plans can enable you to make gifts and charitable contributions that provide tax benefits.

  • Health care decisions. Advance directives and powers of attorney in an estate plan enable you to dictate your medical treatment preferences in case you become incapacitated.

  • Control over assets. Estate planning enables you to determine how your assets will be managed, used and distributed so your wishes are respected if you become incapacitated or pass away.

  • Business succession planning. For business owners, an estate plan is crucial for outlining business succession and ensuring continuity. Proper planning can help maximize the value of the business for the next generation and mitigate potential disputes.

  • Peace of mind. Knowing that you have a plan in place provides comfort and reduces anxiety about the future for both you and your loved ones.

What happens if I don't have an estate plan?

Without a comprehensive estate plan in place, individuals risk leaving their loved ones vulnerable to unnecessary stress, financial burdens and potential disputes.

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Failing to establish a clear framework for distributing assets upon death can lead to unintended consequences and may even result in the state making decisions on behalf of the deceased. One of the most significant implications of not having an estate plan is the probate process.

When someone passes away without a valid will or any other form of estate planning, their assets are subject to probate and intestacy laws.

Intestacy laws vary from state to state but typically prioritize spouses and children as primary heirs. In cases where there are no immediate family members or heirs identified by law, the state may claim ownership over the deceased's property and finances.

This can lead to significant delays in asset distribution as well as potential disputes among potential heirs. Another consequence of not having an estate plan is that one loses control over important health care decisions during times of incapacity.

Without advance directives such as a living will or power of attorney for health care, medical professionals may be left with limited guidance regarding one's preferences for medical treatment or end-of-life care. This can put unnecessary strain on family members who must navigate complex health care decisions without clear instructions from their loved ones.

By including trust provisions as part of an estate plan, one can designate a successor trustee who will manage and distribute assets according to predetermined instructions, helping to ensure that beneficiaries' financial security is safeguarded and a professional guardianship is avoided. Not having an estate plan can have far-reaching consequences for both individuals and their loved ones.

From the complexities of probate to the lack of control over health care decisions and the vulnerability of inheritances, failing to establish a comprehensive estate plan leaves one's assets and wishes at the mercy of state laws and potential disputes. Taking the time to create a well-structured estate plan, complete with a last will and testament, living will, advance directives and trust arrangements, is not only prudent but also provides peace of mind that one's affairs will be handled according to their desires.

How does estate planning protect my assets?

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Estate planning is not merely about distributing your assets after death; it also plays a vital role in protecting them during your lifetime. Through carefully crafted strategies and legal instruments, estate planning shields your assets from potential risks and ensures their preservation for future generations.

One of the primary mechanisms employed in estate planning to protect your assets is the establishment of a trust. By creating a trust, you can transfer ownership and control of certain assets to a successor trustee, who will manage them on behalf of designated beneficiaries.

This arrangement provides numerous advantages that include avoiding probate and maintaining privacy since trust documents are generally not part of the public record. Furthermore, trusts offer greater flexibility in controlling how and when beneficiaries receive their inheritance, protecting family wealth from prodigal spending or external threats.

In addition to trusts, proper estate planning incorporates various financial tools that shield assets from potential creditors or legal disputes. For instance, incorporating strategic gifting strategies can help reduce the size of an individual's taxable estate while simultaneously benefiting loved ones during their lifetime.


Having an estate plan is not only a prudent decision but also a responsible one. By taking the time to create a comprehensive estate plan, individuals can ensure that their assets are protected and distributed according to their wishes.

Without an estate plan, the fate of one's estate falls into the hands of state laws, which may not align with their intentions. One of the main benefits of estate planning is the ability to provide for your beneficiaries in a structured manner.

Through tools such as wills and trusts, you can designate specific assets for specific individuals or organizations. This ensures that your loved ones are taken care of financially and that any philanthropic endeavors you may have are carried out effectively.

Estate planning allows you to appoint trusted individuals to handle important matters on your behalf if you become incapacitated. With documents such as powers of attorney and advance directives, you can designate someone to make medical decisions for you and manage your financial affairs when you are unable to do so yourself. This provides peace of mind knowing that there is a clear plan in place for potential health challenges in the future. Estate planning is crucial for protecting both your assets and the well-being of those closest to you.

How do I create an estate plan?

There are numerous options and scenarios to consider when developing an estate plan that protects your legacy and achieves your objectives, and important decisions should be made with the advice of qualified lawyers and financial experts. Membership with Legacy Assurance Plan provides members with valuable resources and guidance to develop comprehensive estate plans that take life's contingencies into consideration and leave a positive impact for generations to come. Legacy Assurance Plan members also receive peace of mind that a team of trusted, experienced professionals will assist them in developing legal, financial and tax strategies that will meet their needs today and for years to come through periodic reviews.

This article is published by Legacy Assurance Plan and is intended for general informational purposes only. Some information may not apply to your situation. It does not, nor is it intended, to constitute legal advice. You should consult with an attorney regarding any specific questions about probate, living probate or other estate planning matters. Legacy Assurance Plan is an estate planning services company and is not a lawyer or law firm and is not engaged in the practice of law. For more information about this and other estate planning matters visit our website at

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